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2019年澳门葡京网址 - 「应试高分」高分考场英语作文是怎样“炼”成的?
2020-01-01 12:03:33 阅读量:4525| 作者:匿名
[摘要]说起高考,很多同学还是很困惑,不知道英语“书面表达”怎么做才能拿到最好的分数。今天,小编就分享一下关于考场英语写作的一点心得。近几年英语高考书面表达以“应用文”为主,如果是应用文的话,要确定其具体类别,是通知、便条、信件,还是其他。具体写作过程中要注意以下内容:首先,根据考题的要求,要在大脑中激活相关话题的词汇,并且用相对“高级”的词和词块。

2019年澳门葡京网址 - 「应试高分」高分考场英语作文是怎样“炼”成的?

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再有不到两周的时间我们就要迈入高考的考场了。同学们“十年磨一剑,辛苦不寻常”,期待每位同学都能发挥出自己的最高水平,拿到理想的分数。说起高考,很多同学还是很困惑,不知道英语“书面表达”怎么做才能拿到最好的分数。今天,小编就分享一下关于考场英语写作的一点心得。

一、审题

认真审题才能保证文章不跑题。写作审题主要涉及以下几个方面:

1. 确定体裁。近几年英语高考书面表达以“应用文”为主,如果是应用文的话,要确定其具体类别,是通知、便条、信件,还是其他。每种应用文都有自己的写作规范和语言要求,在写作伊始要做到心里有数。

2. 弄清内容。要认真阅读题目要求,确保不要漏掉任何一个要点,最好把要点标记出来,待写作完成后核对要点是否齐全。如果是图画题或者图表题,同学们要通过自己的思考概括其主要内容。至于先说什么,再说什么,通常情况下可以参考材料的顺序,也可以根据表达的需要自行调节。

3. 明确时态。时态和所要表达的内容紧密关联。首先要根据题目的要求,确定语境和主体时态。在具体写作过程中,随着表述的要求,灵活使用适当的时态。

二、草稿

1. 安排写作顺序。审题时同学们已经列出要点,现在只需要根据要点合理分段,如果只有一段的话,也要确定先写什么,再写什么,哪些部分详写,哪些部分略写。

2. 充实写作内容。任何写作都是为了表达自己的想法。确定了写作要点和详略后,同学们就需要由词到句、由句到篇,落实自己的想法了。具体写作过程中要注意以下内容:

首先,根据考题的要求,要在大脑中激活相关话题的词汇,并且用相对“高级”的词和词块。

比如描述人的外貌,可以用long-haired, average build, well-dressed, in one's thirties等;介绍节假日可以用in memory of, remind … of, date back to, make preparations for等。

其次,学会通过词汇手段让自己的表达升级。请看下面的例子:

1. 你今天下午有空吗?

基础版:do you have time this afternoon?

升级版:will you be available this afternoon?

2. 我们没有足够的钱去国外。

基础版:we don't have enough money to go abroad.

升级版:we can't afford to go abroad.

3. 他很有幽默感。

基础版:he is very humorous.

升级版:he has a good sense of humor.

4. 你用一下这种产品,效果绝对不一样。

基础版:please use this product. the effect is absolutely different.

升级版:please try this sort of product. i bet it'll make a big difference.

首先,表达一个意思时要先考虑用什么样的句子框架。以下是一些常见的句子框架。

提建议

why not…?

you should / can …

my advice is to …

it would be a good idea if …

表示看法

people have different opinions on this problem.

people take different views of (on) the question.

some people believe that... others argue that...

people have (take,adopt,assume) different attitudes towards sth.

表示原因

there are three reasons for this.

the reasons for this are as follows.

the reason for this is that...

we have good reason to believe that...

另外,要注意选用相对高级的句式,比如分词做状语,倒装句,强调句,动名词作主语,虚拟条件句等。操作方法如下:

化繁为简,表现你深厚的语法功底。

because he's been sick all week, he's unlikely to come.

→ seeing that he's been sick all week he's unlikely to come. (现在分词作状语)

调整句式,使用一些高级的句式。

i will never forget the days that i spent in this school.

→ never will i forget the days that i spent in this school.(倒装句)

“没话找话”,增加语言的地道性。

there is no doubt that we did the right thing. (there is no doubt that为常见句子框架)

这个句型本身并没有什么特殊含义,只是让语气更强烈,同时表达也更严谨。

“合二为一”,提升语言的逻辑性。

i'm writing to invite you to be a judge at our english speech test. it will be held in room 501 on june 1st.

→i'm writing to invite you to be a judge at our english speech test, which will be held in room 501 on june 1st. (定语从句)

有些同学说,我掌握的“高级”词汇和句型不多怎么办?在考场上一定要调用自己的脑细胞,不要偷懒,在有把握正确的前提下,尽可能选用相对“高级”的表达,因为这样的表达更地道,更亮眼,更有助于得高分。

适当使用连接词,可以让文章更流畅,更完整,逻辑更清晰。写作时同学们一定要注意用适当的连接词表示内容的各种逻辑关系,如并列、递进、转折、因果、总结等。请看下面例子是怎么通过使用连接词,让文章的结构更严谨的。

… i want to know more about the course. first of all, could you please tell me the exact start date and the class size? by the way, how many school hours are there each week? what's more, i'd like to know how much i shall pay for the course …

you may take a gift with you, but it doesn't have to be something of great value.

in order to learn more about the development of our school, all the students are welcome to watch the short film growing together, which is a documentary on the history of our school.

三、检查

草稿打好后,同学们要对照试题的要求再次核对要点,看是否做到了要点完备,详略得当。剩下的工作虽然是收尾,但是也非常重要。

1. 通读文章,检查有无单词拼写,标点符号之类的错误。

2. 检查常见语法错误:主谓是否一致,代词是否前后呼应,时态语态是否结构正确,冠词的误用、漏用、多用,名词的单复数、所有格形式是否正确等。下面是一些改错题,同学们可以做一下,热热身,练练手。

改错

1. a number of students is going on a school trip.

2. he go to school by bus every day.

3. new bicycles must keep inside.

4. the library book has to return at the end of the week.

5. the lorry driver suddenly brought the car to stop.

6. if you like this magazines, you can take them away.

7. his backpack is different from me.

8. the population of china is larger than those of canada.

9. what a beautiful weather!

10. please give my best regard to your parents.

答案

1. a number of students are going on a school trip.

2. he goes to school by bus every day.

3. new bicycles must be kept inside.

4. the library book has to be returned at the end of the week.

5. the lorry driver suddenly brought the car to a stop.

6. if you like these magazines, you can take them away.

7. his backpack is different from mine.

8. the population of china is larger than that of canada.

9. what beautiful weather!

10. please give my best regards to your parents.

高考英语书面表达有一定的难度,但是如果基础扎实,方法得当,得高分甚至得满分也有可能。说什么真理无穷,进一寸有一寸的欢喜。考场作文也是这样,只要平时的基础扎实,在写作的每个环节上都用心,同学们一定可以取得可喜的成绩。

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